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Addendum F - Reset

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RESET, one of the four Army Imperatives to restore balance to the Army, systematically restores deployed units to a level of personnel and equipment readiness that permits resumption of training for future missions and is an integral element of the Army Force Generation (ARFORGEN) model. It involves the reintegration of Soldiers and their Families, post deployment medical assessments, professional education, reorganization of units, restoring equipment readiness, and individual training.

The Army is institutionalizing the RESET process to ensure readiness of the future force, our Soldiers, and their Families. Our RESET efforts are focused on sustaining the supply of ready forces to our combatant commanders while we are changing our institutional systems and processes to make future RESET operations more effective and efficient.

The Army is conducting a RESET Pilot program that returns our units to a level of readiness to begin training for their next mission within 6 months (12 months for Reserve Component forces) of returning from a deployment. The Fiscal Year 2008 Pilot implements the RESET model on 13 redeploying Army units: eight Active Component (AC), two Army National Guard (ARNG), and three United Sates Army Reserve (USAR) units. In Fiscal Year 2009, the Army is expanding the test to 19 units: 13 AC, 3 ARNG, and 3 USAR. Lessons Learned from the Fiscal Year 2008 RESET Pilot will be used to improve Army institutional processes. A number of the “best business practices” are being applied to all redeploying Army units beginning in January 2009. Plans are to implement this RESET program Army-wide by 2011, along with requisite changes to our institutional systems (e.g., personnel, education, and training).

Manning and equipping our formations in RESET are significant challenges. The Army will prioritize units based on deployment, major training exercises and redeployment dates. The Army will “man” brigade-sized units through ARFORGEN Focused Manning. Unit manning cycles begin at Return +91 days and continue through the next deployment and end at Return + 90 days. The Soldier-Family dimension of RESET is also critical. During this period, new Soldiers will be assigned to the unit and new or refurbished equipment will be issued, but the pace of peacetime training will be moderated to maximize the time that Soldiers and Families have to recuperate. Our central training challenge is to rekindle our individual training skills for major combat operations, taking advantage of the combat experience of our leaders, while resting our combat-seasoned force and without losing our irregular warfare skills.

Supplemental funding has been the key to our success with equipment reset. Restoring equipment readiness is a key element of our reset process. In combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, vehicle and aircraft usage rates are several times greater than peacetime rates: scout helicopters 6:1; attack helicopters 5:1; light trucks12:1; Strykers 6:1; and tanks 8:1. The harsh environment also takes its toll on weapons, computers, radios, night vision devices, and numerous small items that either must be rebuilt or replaced.

The Army has requested $18.2B in FY 09 to restore the combat readiness for 27 Brigades and other smaller force pooled units. In FY 09, Army materiel reset efforts will include more than 2,700 tracked vehicles (tanks, armored personnel carriers, rocket launchers, and missile defense systems); more than 12,900 wheeled vehicles (small, medium, and heavy trucks and their trailers); more than 400 aircraft (both rotary- and fixed-wing); and more than 150,000 pistols, rifles, individual and crew-served machineguns, and grenade launchers.It costs approximately $15-18B each year to reset a returning force of about 150,000 Soldiers, and it is a continuous requirement as long as we have forces deployed and for 2-3 years thereafter.

We must RESET the force to rebuild the readiness that has been consumed in operations in order to prepare Soldiers, their Families, and units for future deployments and contingencies. We must continue to revitalize Soldiers and their Families, repair, replace, and recapitalize equipment, and retrain Soldiers to meet the challenges of the 21st Century security environment.


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