Increasing Military Intelligence Capacity and Skills Balance
What is it?
The Army is increasing the number of intelligence Soldiers, focusing on growth of Human Intelligence (HUMINT), Exploitation and analytical capacity at Brigade Combat Team (BCT) and Battalion levels across the force. Army Intelligence growth under the modular design provides more comprehensive, responsive intelligence support leveraging advanced technologies and lessons learned in Afghanistan and Iraq. We have focused on what type (MOS), number of MI Soldiers, and capabilities (systems / platforms) are needed in highly complex environments that our soldiers routinely operate in.
What has the Army done?
Army MI end-strength will increase by over 7,000 Soldiers by FY 2013. Modular BCTs and Battalions must conduct a broad range of continuous collection and analytical tasks to ensure mission success. The modular MI structure addresses this requirement by more than doubling the size of maneuver battalion S-2 (intelligence) sections and more than tripling the size of BCT S-2 sections (additional growth being considered). Concurrent expansion of BCT organic MI companies includes increased HUMINT, Signals Intelligence (SIGINT), Unmanned Aerial System (UAS), and advanced analysis capabilities.
- Collection Battalions. Combat experience has shown that even modular BCTs frequently require additional downward reinforcing intelligence support for successful operations in complex operating environments. To accomplish this, the Army is forming eight Active Component and six Reserve Component MI collection Battalions that are heavily weighted with Military Source Operations (MSO) and Interrogator capabilities, and also include advanced SIGINT and multifunctional HUMINT/SIGINT teams for maximum flexibility. These battalions form the core of new, multi-functional Battlefield Surveillance Brigades (BfSBs).
- Joint Interrogation and Debriefing Center (JIDC) Battalions. To better support interrogation operations at the Joint Task Force level, the Army is building three JIDC Battalions—two Active and one Reserve Component. Each provides robust, dedicated Interrogation teams that train/operate closely with Military Police detention forces, and serve as the core element capable of integrating sister service and joint augmentation.
What continued efforts does the Army have planned for the future?
The Army has invested heavily to recruit additional MI Soldiers and expand training through-put capacity at the US Army Intelligence Center at Fort Huachuca in order to grow the MI force. The Army will continue to integrate lessons learned and evaluate requirements based on operational experiences in Afghanistan, Iraq, Korea, and elsewhere into future force structure planning.
Why is this important to the Army?
Army Intelligence transformation is synchronized with the Army Campaign Plan to generate a more balanced, modular, and more capable MI force optimized for effective support in complex operating environments worldwide.