Information Papers

Manpower Personnel Integration Program

What is it?
MANPRINT (MANpower PeRsonnel INTegration) is the Army's program to ensure that Soldier performance is the central consideration in system design, development, and acquisition. It is the technical process of integrating the interdependent elements of human factors engineering, manpower availability, personnel skills and abilities, training design, system safety, health hazards, and survivability. The objectives of MANPRINT are to: 1) optimize both the quantity and quality of the personnel needed for systems; 2) design systems that are easily useable by Soldiers, safe to operate, cause no unnecessary health problems, and maximize Soldier survivability; 3) ensure acceptable trade-offs are made among performance, design, and Soldier capabilities and limits. This ensures that soldier readiness is not compromised by equipment that is difficult to use or maintain, when these soldiers use this equipment to win wars.

What has the Army done?
In 2008, the Army had a number of MANPRINT success stories. Various MRAP vehicle categories are undergoing MANPRINT assessments in support of current rapid fielding initiatives. Critical evaluations include, accommodation of the target user population, maximizing compliance with the use of seat restraints, and evaluating candidate seat designs. The use of optimal seat and restraint designs is paramount to reducing casualties and increasing soldier survivability when the vehicles are subjected to mine explosions. Soldiers have expressed concerns regarding their inability to reach controls while restrained and poor fit either due to seat design or insufficient restraint adjustability, so MANPRINT analysts have developed a tailored combination of human factors assessment methods which include human figure modeling, user survey interviews, and live experimental trials results. The results obtained from these assessments are being used to assist the Joint MRAP Program Office with seating and restraint systems design recommendations. The Joint Tactical Radio System – Handheld, Manpack, and Small Form Fit (JTRS-HMS) has undergone four major MANRINT evaluations to optimize human-system performance during tactical communications. Using prototype equipment, JTRS usability and acceptance among soldiers has been addressed with specific design directions to the program developers, and costly retrofits down range have been mitigated. At the invitation of the Ft. Bliss Commander, MANPRINT has just published a significant document of observations and lessons called “The PATRIOT Vigilance Project” drawn from the Army’s 25-year developmental experience with PATRIOT, and the critical fratricide events that occurred. Beyond the PATRIOT-specific observations, there are lessons from the Patriot experience that generalize to present and future command and control systems. These and many other significant contributions to aviation, maneuver, weapons, and logistics programs have resulted in enhanced system performance, significant cost savings and cost avoidance, and increased personnel survivability.

What continued efforts does the Army have planned for the future?
MANPRINT is forging new alliances with the T&E (testing & evaluation), rapid equipment fielding and JIEDDO (Joint IED Defeat Organization), and the other services to expand MANPRINT analysis and application to many more systems in much more depth. The Army MANPRINT office now supports JIEDDO leader decision-making by participating in IPT meetings to review emerging technologies to ensure their suitability for deployment. In addition, MANPRINT training courses continue to be proliferated to system developer groups, analysis practitioner forums, and acquisition managers.

Why is this important to the Army?
Tomorrow's battlefield will continue to be a complex environment, filled with new equipment and technologies. Real battlefield effectiveness and readiness depends on a good match between the soldiers who operate and maintain the equipment and the equipment itself.