Information Papers - Transform
Active Component–Reserve Component Rebalance
What is it?
The AC/RC Rebalance initiative is an incremental, ongoing process that has evolved over time to hasten the transformation of a post cold war Army into a force capable of effectively addressing war fighting requirements in the new strategic environment. The major tenets of this initiative include: Increasing capabilities to relieve stress on units with persistent shortfalls; the elimination of demand for Reserve Component forces during the initial phase of an operational deployment; and rebalancing structure to maximize readiness and rotational availability while preserving Homeland Defense/ Homeland Security capabilities. With the increased emphasis by the Secretary of Defense to reduce the impact on RC structure, AC/RC Rebalance has become an integral part of force management in aligning resources across all three Components. The Army is also addressing the imbalance of its key force multiplier capabilities by creating a balanced AC/RC structure in organizations that deploy and sustain the force. This includes the ability to expand certain activities through commercial contracting to ease over reliance on RC assets, provide surge ability for contingency operations, and maintaining routine peacetime operations at strategic nodes and Power Generation Platforms.
What has the Army done?
The Army began addressing AC/RC Rebalance in Program Objective Memorandum (POM) 2004-2009 with adjustments of approximately 25,000 spaces to restructure the force in a post September 11, 2001 security posture. Following the Secretary of Defense guidance in July 2003, the Army rebalanced an additional 10,000 spaces of structure to reduce RC mobilization and reliance on RC capabilities in the initial phase of an operational deployment. Concurrent implementation of the Chief of Staff, Army Focus Areas effected change in over 90,000 spaces of structure to include the elimination of AC units at Authorized Levels of Organization at less than 100 percent; the reduction of persistent shortfall units in the AC; and elimination of over structure, and establishment of individuals accounts in the RC. For FY 2003-2011 the Army had programmed for more than 125,000 spaces of change. In FY 2006 the Army incorporated Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) Guidance on reporting skill set rebalance and the elimination of over structure in the Reserve Components. By the close of FY 2007, the Army had completed the rebalance on more than 53,564 spaces of structure.
What continued efforts does the Army have planned for the future?
With the rebalancing efforts that resulted from decisions made in Quadrennial Defense Review 2006, and the Grow the Army Plan the Army has moved into a new phase of the AC/RC Rebalance initiative. In addition, it completed the reduction of force structure above authorized end strength levels and rite-sized the individuals accounts in the RC. In FY 2008-2013 the Army is programmed to rebalance an additional 88,712 spaces bringing the Army total to 142,276 spaces.
In the TAA cycle supporting POM 2010-2015, the force structure balance will continue to adjust to address force capabilities required by the Army Force Generation (ARFORGEN) model supporting Secretary of Defense mobilization and rotation policy, relieve stress on persistent shortfalls, and eliminate the reliance on Reserve Component capabilities in the initial days of an operational deployment.
Why is this important to the Army?
As the Army continues to transform the Reserve Component into an “Operational Reserve” this initiative will ensure capabilities are balanced in accordance with Secretary of Defense guidance while meeting Combatant Commander requirements.