Information Papers

Global Force Posture

What is it?
Global force posture encompasses more than simply forward bases and personnel; it includes a cross-section of relationships, activities, facilities, legal arrangements, and global sourcing and surge. Taken together, these five elements of global force posture support our security cooperation efforts and, when needed, enable prompt global military action.

What has the Army done?
As part of the global force posture realignment of the Department of Defense, the Army has begun repositioning ground forces to meet the needs of Combatant Commanders. In Phase I, the Integrated Global Presence and Basing Strategy (IGPBS), the Army capitalized on operational deployments in an effort to posture Army capabilities to support the expeditionary force. This made it possible to divest Cold War era infrastructure and create the infrastructure required for the foreseeable future. Entering Phase II of the IGPBS, now known as the Global Defense Posture and Realignment, the Army is enhancing key enabling and deployed logistics capabilities to quickly respond to unforeseen contingencies. The Army is consolidating activities by leveraging information technology and advances in supply chain management, as well as by reengineering its business processes to eliminate waste.

What continued efforts does the Army have planned for the future?
Global posture actions are continuously adjusted against requirements to support Combatant Commanders. In conjunction with the other services, the Army is in the process of transforming its posture abroad into a network of three types of locations: 1) main operating bases, which will be enduring, large sites with permanently stationed service members and their Families; 2) forward operating sites, which will be smaller, but expandable sites that can support rotational forces and pre-positioned equipment; and 3) cooperative security locations, which will be small, rapidly expandable sites with little or no permanent U.S. presence.

Why is this important to the Army?
The new overseas posture is intended to position U.S. forces to better conduct the Global War on Terrorism, ease the burden of a high operational tempo on members of the Armed Forces and their Families, and improve the ability of the United States to meet its commitments while making these commitments more affordable and sustainable. The Army’s comprehensive and ongoing change to a global force posture will continue to yield significant gains in effectiveness and efficiency now and in the future.