Addendum G: Modularity

The Army is pursuing the most comprehensive transformation of its forces since the early years of World War II.  This transformation is intended to produce evolutionary and revolutionary changes which improve both Army and Joint Force capabilities to meet current and future full spectrum challenges.  Over the past four years, we have accelerated change throughout the Army to better enable it to fight the current fight and be more capable of conducting sustained operations in an environment of continuously evolving, persistent conflict.  FY08 saw a great deal of progress in the Army’s efforts to transform from a division-based to a brigade-based force.  In addition to developing and executing Army-wide change processes, we are executing several other initiatives that will dramatically shape our future, to include the Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR), Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC), and the Integrated Global Presence and Basing Strategy (IGPBS). 

We continue to reshape the force to become a more capable campaign-quality Army with joint and expeditionary capabilities – transforming to win the war today while simultaneously preparing for future challenges.  Army forces are the most effective and efficient military instrument for creating favorable and enduring security conditions in crisis regions around the world.  However, strategic and operational requirements compel the Army to reconcile staying power, durability, and adaptability with expeditionary agility and responsiveness.  Not only must the Army sustain decisive operations for as long as necessary to win the current fight and achieve a politically favorable resolution, Army forces must also continuously adapt to changes across the spectrum of conflict. There is no doubt the Army must remain a learning, transforming organization in the face of adaptive adversaries.

To maximize effectiveness and strategic flexibility, the Army is reorganizing to a modular, brigade-based force to achieve three primary goals:

In FY08 the Army will accomplish the following transformation activities associated with modular conversion of its forces:

In FY09 the Army will accomplish the following transformation activities associated with modular conversion of its forces:

The combined efforts of growth, reorganization, and rebalance will better posture the Army to build strategic and operational depth.  This will better enable the Army to meet Combatant Commander requirements.

The Army campaign plan

Army modular reorganization and overall transformation is directed under the Army Campaign Plan (ACP).  The ACP directs the planning, preparation, and execution of Army operations and Army transformation within the context of ongoing strategic commitments. The Army published ACP change five on April 5, 2007.  This change incorporates Base Realignment and Closure actions, global reposturing actions, and 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review recommendations.  

modularity conversion

Modular conversion enables Army forces to operate more effectively within a joint war fight.  This year, the ACP establishes mapping of Army organizational capabilities to Joint Functional Concepts that the Department of Defense is using to integrate transformation efforts across services.  The decisive operation within the ACP remains the modular conversion of all active and reserve component maneuver brigades and the activation of an additional nine active Army maneuver brigades.  Also, active and reserve component division headquarters will transition to the modular headquarters design; select combat, combat support (CS) and combat service support (CSS) units will convert to modular support brigades; and AC and RC echelons division and above CS/CSS structure will also convert to modular configurations.  The conversion sequence for Army operating forces to modular designs is synchronized with projected operational requirements and should be completed by FY11 for the active Army and FY13 for Army National Guard (ARNG) and Army Reserve.  The Army’s modular force conversion sequence is shown to the right.