Addendum G: Modularity
The Army is pursuing the most comprehensive transformation of its forces since the early years of World War II. This transformation is intended to produce evolutionary and revolutionary changes which improve both Army and Joint Force capabilities to meet current and future full spectrum challenges. Over the past four years, we have accelerated change throughout the Army to better enable it to fight the current fight and be more capable of conducting sustained operations in an environment of continuously evolving, persistent conflict. FY08 saw a great deal of progress in the Army’s efforts to transform from a division-based to a brigade-based force. In addition to developing and executing Army-wide change processes, we are executing several other initiatives that will dramatically shape our future, to include the Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR), Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC), and the Integrated Global Presence and Basing Strategy (IGPBS).
We continue to reshape the force to become a more capable campaign-quality Army with joint and expeditionary capabilities – transforming to win the war today while simultaneously preparing for future challenges. Army forces are the most effective and efficient military instrument for creating favorable and enduring security conditions in crisis regions around the world. However, strategic and operational requirements compel the Army to reconcile staying power, durability, and adaptability with expeditionary agility and responsiveness. Not only must the Army sustain decisive operations for as long as necessary to win the current fight and achieve a politically favorable resolution, Army forces must also continuously adapt to changes across the spectrum of conflict. There is no doubt the Army must remain a learning, transforming organization in the face of adaptive adversaries.
To maximize effectiveness and strategic flexibility, the Army is reorganizing to a modular, brigade-based force to achieve three primary goals:
- Increase the number of available brigade combat teams (BCTs) to meet operational commitments while maintaining combat effectiveness that is equal to or better than that of previous divisional brigades.
- Create brigade-based combat and support formations of common organizational designs that can be easily tailored to meet the varied demands of the geographic Combatant Commanders—reducing joint planning and execution complexities.
- Redesign organizations to perform as integral parts of the Joint Force—making them more effective across the range of military operations and enhancing their ability to contribute to joint, interagency, and multinational efforts.
In FY08 the Army will accomplish the following transformation activities associated with modular conversion of its forces:
- Achieve a total of 40 BCTs converted in the active Army and another two BCTs converting. The ARNG continues the modular conversion of 10 BCTs, for a total of 26 BCTs converting.
- Converting a total of 108 functional brigades (AC – 35/ARNG – 36/USAR – 37) and 80 multifunctional support brigades (AC – 33/ARNG – 37/USAR – 10).
- Achieve Title 10 and executive agent functions through conversion of military positions to Civilian positions to reduce the number of Soldiers in the generating force.
- Rebalance over 76,000 Soldiers and related capabilities across all three components and eliminated over 25,000 positions in over-structure in the RC.
- Continued implementation Army Force Generation (ARFORGEN) processes to provide a steady flow of trained and ready forces to Combatant Commanders while ensuring greater stability and deployment predictability for Soldiers and their Families.
- Publish a family of doctrinal field manuals that depict how the Army will fight as a modular force.
In FY09 the Army will accomplish the following transformation activities associated with modular conversion of its forces:
- Convert two BCTs in the AC, seven functional support brigades (AC – 6/ARNG – 0/USAR – 1) and five multifunctional support brigades (AC – 2/ARNG – 3/USAR – 0).
- Publish and execute Army restationing actions in support of BRAC and IGPBS.
- Execute active and reserve component rebalancing decisions affecting over 20,000 spaces in FY07.
- Identify and implement substantial structural changes to the institutional base of the Army as it transforms to the generating base.
The combined efforts of growth, reorganization, and rebalance will better posture the Army to build strategic and operational depth. This will better enable the Army to meet Combatant Commander requirements.
The Army campaign plan
Army modular reorganization and overall transformation is directed under the Army Campaign Plan (ACP). The ACP directs the planning, preparation, and execution of Army operations and Army transformation within the context of ongoing strategic commitments. The Army published ACP change five on April 5, 2007. This change incorporates Base Realignment and Closure actions, global reposturing actions, and 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review recommendations.
Modular conversion enables Army forces to operate more effectively within a joint war fight. This year, the ACP establishes mapping of Army organizational capabilities to Joint Functional Concepts that the Department of Defense is using to integrate transformation efforts across services. The decisive operation within the ACP remains the modular conversion of all active and reserve component maneuver brigades and the activation of an additional nine active Army maneuver brigades. Also, active and reserve component division headquarters will transition to the modular headquarters design; select combat, combat support (CS) and combat service support (CSS) units will convert to modular support brigades; and AC and RC echelons division and above CS/CSS structure will also convert to modular configurations. The conversion sequence for Army operating forces to modular designs is synchronized with projected operational requirements and should be completed by FY11 for the active Army and FY13 for Army National Guard (ARNG) and Army Reserve. The Army’s modular force conversion sequence is shown to the right.