Addendum F: Reset
The current operational demand is greater than the Army’s sustainable supply of forces. Because of shortages in people, equipment and time to train, the non-deployable force does not meet readiness goals. As a result, the Army lacks strategic depth to respond to new, unforeseen requirements and must act quickly to restore the strategic depth and breadth of the force, and build essential capacity for the future while preserving the all-volunteer force.
The Chief of Staff, Army (CSA) challenged the Army to develop a Reset model based on a 15-month dwell for the active component (AC) units and 48 month dwell for the reserve component (RC) units to accelerate reconstitution of the force to increase unit readiness and improve preparation for deployment. In so doing, we provide time and opportunity for Soldier and Families to recover in order to reverse the cumulative effects of sustained operational tempo. The Reset model is brigade centric; its focus is on unit vice individual reconstitution.
Reset is a balanced six-month process that systematically restores deployed units to a level of personnel and equipment readiness that permits resumption of training for future missions. Reset encompasses those tasks required to re-integrate Soldiers and Families; then organize, man, equip, and train a unit. Reset is predicated on the concept of allowing Soldiers and Families the opportunity to recover in order to reverse the cumulative effects of sustained operational tempo. The first six months after return–- referred to as “reconstitution”–-maximizes Soldier and Family reintegration.
The Army is implementing a Reset model that provides an initial reconstitution period to allow for Soldier and Family reintegration. At the end of this reconstitution period, units will be manned, equipped, & rested; Soldiers will be intellectually prepared to begin focused training.
Reset is a three-phased operation. Phase 1, defined as Return -180 days to Return, actually occurs while the unit is deployed conducting combat operations in theater. Accomplishment of tasks in Phase 1 sets the conditions for successful transition to Phase 2.
Phase 2 is defined as Return to Return +180 days and focuses on Soldier and Family re-integration, health assessments, change of commands, and institutional training for AC units and additionally, Duty Military Occupational Skill Qualification (DMOSQ) training for RC units. Phase 3 is defined as Return +181 days to Latest Arrival Date (LAD) and focuses on collective training, new equipment training and a Maneuver Rehearsal Exercise (MRE) in preparation for deployment for AC units and DMOSQ and section training for RC units.
Reset principles by phase are shown below:
- Phase 1 Tasks focus on maintenance and property accountability and occur primarily during the 10-14 day relief in place/transfer of authority (RIP/TOA) window. Phase 1 tasks are identical for both active and reserve component units. Phase 1 principles follow:
- 100 percent Property accountability prior to re-deployment
- 100 percent Automatic RESET equipment Induction turn-in
- 100 percent Battle Damaged Equipment turn-in
- Unit returns with 100 percent of its organizational equipment unless otherwise directed
- Soldiers aware of next assignment and have orders by Return -30 days
- Home station activities occur to synchronize return - mission support element synchronizes Title 10 requirements; rear detachment synchronizes unit requirements (evolving in Garrison Functions Review)
- Phase 2 focuses on re-integration of the Soldiers and Families at home station. Phase 2 Principles are:
- 30 days block leave
- Progressive readiness over time; no initial readiness expectation for up to 180 days – reconstitution
- Early assignment of a cadre of leaders and critical personnel early in Phase II to accomplish Reset
- Key leaders stabilized for 60-90 days to facilitate reverse Soldier Readiness Process (SRP) and 100 percent property accountability
- Training: Set the conditions for a more predictable duty day
- Institutional Training: priority to noncommissioned officers Education System (NCOES)/critical functional courses
- Unit Training: no/limited overnight training
- No AR 350-1 directed training in Phase II (there are exceptions)
- New equipment training (NET) occurs by exception (with concurrence of the brigade commander; unit signs for equipment upon receipt)
- Units complete Phase II manned, equipped, rested and intellectually prepared for training
- Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), Personnel and Readiness (P&R) Mobilization Implementation Guidance hinders Phase II reintegration for RC (60 day blackout)
- Phase 3 focus is on the start of focused collective training to prepare units for deployment. Phase 3 principles are:
- Focus turns to company/battalion/brigade collective training
- New equipment training
- Designate and train rear-detachment
- Block leave after mission rehearsal exercise
- RC focus is on DMOSQ
The headquarters of the Department of the Army will conduct a Reset pilot test in early CY08. The test will involve eight AC units, two ARNG units, and three USAR units and will apply lessons learned from the rehearsal of concept (ROC) drill to identify institutional adjustments required to the generating force to Reset AC units on a 15-month dwell time and RC units on a 48-month dwell time. The headquarters of the Department of the Army will use the Army Synchronization Meeting (ASM) to track implementation of the Reset model for units in the Reset pilot and report to the Secretary of the Army (SecArmy) and the Chief of Staff of the Army (CSA) via the Army Review Council (ARC).
The Army must restore its strategic depth while preserving the All-Volunteer Force. Because of shortages in people, equipment and time to train, the non-deployable force does not meet readiness goals. We must institutionalize the Reset process to ensure readiness of the future force, our Soldiers, and their Families.