Addendum E: Army Force Generation (ARFORGEN) Process
The ARFORGEN process is used to manage the force and ensure the ability to support demands for Army forces. ARFORGEN sequences activities for all active and reserve Army units to include:
- Modular conversion
- Manning adjustments
- Soldier and leader training and educations programs
- Unit training
- Employment; and
- Stationing decisions
To sustain global commitments, we transition units through a progression of three sequential readiness pools:
- Reset/Train Force Pool: Units enter the Reset/Train Force Pool after returning from a deployment. Their mission is to reconstitute, reset equipment, receive new equipment, assign new personnel, and train to achieve the required capabilities necessary to enter the Ready Force Pool. Units in this pool are available to support civil authorities for national emergencies.
- Ready Force Pool: Units in the Ready Force Pool conduct mission preparation and collective training for anticipated future missions. Units in this pool are eligible for deployment to unanticipated contingencies or other operational requirements.
- Available Force Pool: Units in the Available Force Pool are available for worldwide deployment.
The Army continuously updates or modifies policies, procedures, regulations, capacity, and capabilities to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the ARFORGEN process. Recent events or policies that affect the way we execute the ARFORGEN are:
- Ongoing modularity and restructuring of Army units
- Creating new capabilities such as Military Transition Teams
- Incorporating the 12-month Reserve Component Mobilization policy
- Increasing deployment lengths from 12 to 15 months
- Growing the Army’s endstrength 74,000 by fiscal year 2010
- Implementing a new Reset process to improve unit reconstitution
ARFORGEN establishes a basis to schedule deployments on an Army-wide scale. ARFORGEN also provides the following critical objectives:
- Reduce uncertainty for Soldiers, Families, and the communities that support installations
- Improve availability of trained and prepared forces for Combatant Commanders
- Generate a continuous level of BCTs, augmented by all required supporting organizations (given appropriate Reserve Component mobilization authority)