Building Partnership Capacity through Security Cooperation

What is it?  Security cooperation is the means by which the Department of Defense encourages and enables countries and organizations to work with us to achieve strategic objectives.  Security cooperation programs help build partnership capacities by enhancing military capabilities of our international partners while addressing our own capability gaps.  The Army employs a wide range of security cooperation tools and programs to support the combatant commanders and make U.S. Army training, equipment, and technologies available to our allies and coalition partners.  Specific tools and programs include:

What has the Army done?  In 2006, the Army conducted 14 Chief of Staff Counterpart visits, nine bilateral staff talks, Senior National Representative (Army) meetings involving eight partner nations and regional Chief of Army conferences.  The Army trained some 8,847 foreign students from 143 countries in the United States and, in addition to the massive effort in Afghanistan and Iraq, sent 69 training teams to 39 nations.  There were 460 medical training events in 88 countries.  The Army executed $5.29 billion in foreign military sales to 140 armies, 47 air forces, 26 navies and 26 other security entities.  The Army not only provided equipment and training in support of stabilization in Afghanistan and Iraq but also supplemented these activities by providing critical warfighting enablers to coalition partners in support of operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.

The Army also initiated or expanded its ICRDA efforts, many of which focused on support to Future Combat System (FCS).  The U.S. established a Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Project Arrangement (PA) with the UK, a framework agreement with Australia for future cooperation on Land Force Capability Modernization (LFCM), as well as a PA with Singapore on Land Warfare Concepts and Technology (LWCT).  All three are examples of the agreements established with our foreign partners to leverage foreign technology and to foster partnerships.  The Army is also leading NATO’s Defense Against Terrorism (DAT) initiative for Joint Precision Air Drop Systems (JPADS) and playing a key role in: Defense Against Mortar Attacks; Countering Improvised Explosive Devices; Explosive Ordnance Disposal Consequence Management, and defense against Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear attack.

In addition to providing equipment and critical warfighting enablers, the Army also provided a wide variety of security cooperation programs designed to transform foreign ground forces into more effective expeditionary partners—programs involving tough, realistic, mission-tailored exercises, mission rehearsal development assistance, OIF deployment assistance, NCO development, senior leader interaction, unit partnerships and intelligence sharing.  Most importantly, the Army transformed its training center in Germany into the Joint Multinational Training Command (JMTC) for the purpose of accelerating the transformation of European ground forces to assume expeditionary missions.  Co-locating the 2d Stryker Brigade Combat Team at the JMTC—one of the Army’s most technologically advanced and rapidly deployable units—will accelerate the transformation of allied and partner armies and the building of tomorrow’s coalitions today.

What continued efforts does the Army have planned for the future?  The Army will continue the present programs, focusing them on achieving the security cooperation priorities set by the Secretary of Defense, while integrating and adjusting them to the geographic combatant commanders’ priorities.  The Army will update its training to include more instruction on Foreign Internal Defense and Security, Stability, Transition and Reconstruction Operations (SSTRO).  The Army staff will expand its SSTRO division, which will assume oversight of the Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute at the Army War College.  Future ICRDA efforts include continued support to the NATO DAT initiative, expanding the scope of current FCS cooperation with the UK, and pursuing agreements for cooperation with additional partners.

Why is this important to the Army?  Security cooperation activities build the interoperability and the expeditionary capabilities of our allies and coalition partners, which help ensure that our Allies and coalition partners can continue to fight side-by-side with the U.S. Army in the war against terror today and in the fully network-enabled environment of the future.  It also demonstrates Army support for key DoD Security Cooperation and national security themes by demonstrating resolve to fulfill our defense commitments and fostering defense transformation with advanced defense establishments.  Through this initiative, the Army will help shape the security environment to our advantage by enhancing the warfighting capabilities of our allies and coalition partners while protecting critical U.S. Army systems and technologies against unintended proliferation.