Army Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Program
What is it? The Army Sexual Assault Prevention and Response (SAPR) Program reinforces the Army’s commitment to eliminate incidents of sexual assault through a comprehensive policy that centers on awareness and prevention, training and education, victim advocacy, response, reporting, accountability and program assessment. The Army SAPR Program promotes sensitive care and confidential reporting for victims of sexual assault and accountability for those who commit these crimes. The goals of the Army SAPR Program are to:
- Create a climate that will prevent sexual assault in the Army;
- Create a climate that will encourage victims to report incidents of sexual assault without fear of reprisal;
- Establish sexual assault training and awareness programs to educate Soldiers and leaders;
- Ensure the sensitive, confidential and comprehensive treatment to restore victims’ health and well-being; and
- Ensure leaders understand their roles and responsibilities regarding response to sexual assault victims, thoroughly investigating allegations of sexual assault, and take appropriate action against offenders.
What has the Army done? The Army continues to aggressively address sexual assault issues, focusing on prevention, caring for victims, prosecuting perpetrators whenever possible and constant monitoring and refinement of our policies and programs. The Army has codified a comprehensive Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Program in a new chapter (Chapter 8) of AR 600-20 (Army Command Policy), which was published in February 2006. Significant components of the Army SAPR Program include:
- Sexual Assault Response Coordinators (SARC). An Army-wide victim advocacy program led by SARCs and supported by a cadre of full-time, professional victim advocates who interact directly with victims of sexual assault and other response agencies.
- Deployable SARC (DSARC). DSARCs and Unit Victim Advocates (UVA) provide advocacy services in a deployed environment and for geographically dispersed units in CONUS and OCONUS not covered by and Installation SARC. The Army SAPR Program requires one DSARC at each brigade level unit and higher echelon and two UVA for each battalion sized unit.
- Sexual Assault Review Boards (SARB). Installation commanders, deployed senior mission commanders, or their representatives (06 level or higher), are required to conduct monthly SARB. The SARB provides executive oversight, procedural guidance and feedback concerning the implementation of the SAPR Program and case management.
- Training Support Packages (TSP). A comprehensive set of six TSPs are in use to conduct required training for all institutional levels of Professional Military Education from initial entry training to senior service college. Additionally, a seventh TSP (unit readiness) was developed for mandatory annual awareness training and pre- and post-deployment training.
- First Responders. First Responders such as law enforcement, investigative services, medical, legal services, and chaplains are required to conduct initial and annual refresher training.
What efforts does the Army plan to continue in the future? The Army will continue to assess and improve its SAPR Program. Implementation of the Army’s Sexual Assault Data Management System in 2007 will facilitate SAPR Program management and assessment by collecting and integrating selected sexual assault incident data from existing Army SAPR Program component (investigative, medical, legal, and advocacy) automated information systems.
Why is this important to the Army? Sexual Assault is a crime that has no place in the Army. It degrades mission readiness by devastating a unit’s ability to work effectively as a team. It is contrary to Army Values and is punishable under the Uniform Code of Military Justice.
For additional information: Army Sexual Assault Prevention and Response (SAPR) Program