Addendum O (Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction)

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Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction (CWMD) consists of efforts to dissuade, deter, and defeat those who seek to harm the United States, its partners, and allies through WMD (Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN)) use or threat of use and, if attacked, mitigate their effects and restore deterrence.

The DoD CWMD approach has as its foundation in The National Strategy to Combat Weapons of Mass Destruction set forth by the President of the United States.  It provides a proactive approach to CWMD and a strategic framework consisting of three pillars: Nonproliferation (NP), Counterproliferation (CP) and Consequence Management (CM). It also includes the eight mission areas as defined in the National Military Strategy to Combat Weapons of Mass Destruction:  Offensive Operations, Active Defense, Passive Defense, Interdiction Operations, Elimination Operations, Consequence Management, Security Cooperation and Partner Activities, and Threat Reduction Cooperation.

Nonproliferation

Nonproliferation efforts consist of the full range of diplomatic, informational, military, and economic instruments of national power to prevent or limit the acquisition or development of WMD capabilities.  

The Army adheres to national implementation and compliance initiatives for cooperative threat reduction, treaties, agreements, export controls and international programs aimed at preventing, dissuading, and denying access to WMD capabilities.  To support these initiatives, the Army is working to achieve two nationally directed goals.  First, the Army is helping to shape the future security environment as directed by the 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) and National Defense Strategy

On every level, the Army is transforming and shifting from a reactive posture and becoming more proactive in its efforts to implement timely and preventive measures to preclude the need for crisis intervention and response relating to WMD.  Second, the Army is fostering an atmosphere for expanding foreign partnerships and building partnership capacity, an established goal of the National Military Strategy for Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction, and a crosscutting enabler to win the Global War on Terror.  Army cooperation in export controls and meeting its international treaty obligations contribute to this effort.

Counterproliferation

Counterproliferation focuses on both state and non-state actors who possess active WMD programs and employs the full range of military activities to deter, identify, deny, and counter adversary development, acquisition, possession, proliferation, and use of WMD.  

The Army assessed its capabilities and capacity to conduct WMD elimination operations with an Operational and Organizational and Force Design update for the 20th Support Command (Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, High Yield Explosives (CBRNE)).  Enhancements to the 20th Support Command (CBRNE) will ensure the Army will be able to fulfill a QDR tasking to expand its capabilities, by 2007, to serve as the core element of a Joint Task Force capable of rapid deployment to command and control WMD elimination and site exploitation missions.  The Army continues to execute its responsibilities as the executive agent for the Chemical and Biological Defense Program – providing a strategic ‘roadmap’ for providing critical chemical and biological protection and defense for Soldiers. 

Consequence Management

Consequence Management consists of actions taken to respond to and mitigate the effects of  WMD use against the United States, its forces, and US interests abroad, and to assist friends and allies to enable rapid recovery and restore essential services.  

The Army is supporting efforts to provide consequence management capabilities that would both support homeland defense from WMD attacks in domestic consequence management (DCM) and assisting our friends and allies in foreign consequence management (FCM). Additionally, the Army remains focused on protecting its forces with passive defense measures and enabling them to mitigate the effects of WMD use in combat operations (Combat CM), to include WMD-Elimination operations. Such efforts include working with the National Guard in developing unique capabilities such as the CBRN Emergency Response Force Packages (CERFP) for DCM, developing capabilities in Hazardous Response and Decontamination (HRD) for Army Chemical decontamination platoons that can be applied to DCM, FCM, and Combat CM.

The Army is integrating CBRN consequence management into various Army efforts such as Multi-Service Force Development – Steady State Security Posture review and the WMD Consequence Management Capabilities Based Assessment. The Army is also engaged in protecting our installations worldwide through the Installation Protection Program (IPP).  The activation of Headquarters, US Army North (ARNORTH)Establishment of U. S. Army North, Fifth US Army
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, provides an Army headquarters capable of supporting a range of homeland defense operations and disaster assistance, including DCM.  ARNORTH reached full operational capability in September 2006.

To meet the challenges posed by the use or potential use of WMD, the Army embraced the approach laid out in both the National Security Strategy and National Military Strategy to combat WMD.  Changes have been made in Headquarters, Department of the Army (HQDA) to develop expertise and focus efforts to address wide ranging and often disparate CWMD issues and approaches.  

The Army Council for Combating WMD (ACCWMD), provides Colonel and General Officer forums that address crosscutting Army CWWMD issues and concerns.  The ACCWMD provides:  integration and synchronization of CWMD issues across DOTMLPF; a mechanism for identifying Army CWMD capability requirements; and a means for moving key issues forward to the Army leadership for resolution and/or decision.  It also serves as a conduit to CWMD organizations within the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, Army Service Component Commands (ASCCs), and Army Commands (ACOMs).  In short, these cited organizations enable the Army to identify, define, focus and increase the effectiveness of Army CWMD (NP, CP and CM) activities.

The Army will continue to support and implement CWMD policy and initiatives. In an effort to improve and employ critical CWMD capabilities, the Army has identified a respective proponent per priority CWMD mission area – WMD Elimination, CBRN Offensive Operations, CBRN Passive Defense and CBRN Consequence Management.  Assignment of proponents provides oversight to mission areas with capability or resource shortfalls, optimizes extant Army CWMD-related capabilities to ensure readiness for these priority missions, and efficiently allocates finite resources.  The Army continues to operationalize its role in WMD Elimination Operations, and is developing solutions in order to improve Army contributions to Homeland Defense as it relates to CBRN consequence management.

A major activity planned for 2007 is the second annual Army CWMD Conference.  The first Army CWMD Conference, held in May 2006, achieved its objective to gather OSD, Joint Staff, Sister Services, DTRA, Combatant Commands, and other pertinent government agencies together to exchange ideas on CWMD and to establish relationships to facilitate cooperative efforts throughout DOD.  One-hundred-five (105) representatives from various Army and joint organizations attended.  The Army Conference proved an efficient and economical medium to promote, discuss, and explore ways to combat WMD.  A major goal of the 2007 conference is to provide an interactive forum to identify and recommend solutions to key CWMD issues affecting ASCCs and examine the Army’s ability to support Combatant Command plans relating to WMD.

The Army is a key player in the Global War on Terror and response to unconventional and asymmetric threats like those posed by proliferation and use of WMD.  The Army provides unique expertise and capability across the CWMD mission areas - particularly in WMD Elimination, Passive Defense and CBRN CM.  DoD and the nation rely on the Army to provide a fully capable, organized, trained and equipped force with the capabilities to deny, destroy, or respond to and mitigate the effects of WMD.  However, the Army cannot do this alone.  It is imperative that the Army continue to assess and improve its CWMD capabilities and capacity, yet work in concert with the other Services and international partners to meet the tremendous challenges posed by WMD proliferation.  

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