Addendum N (Transforming Army Intelligence)

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Our Army and Armed forces are adapting to face a changed paradigm of warfare.  Ongoing counter-terrorism and counter-insurgency operations in Iraq, Afghanistan and elsewhere reflect the tough challenges inherent in countering extremist enemies in highly complex environments.  As part of US Army efforts to increase full spectrum operational capacity at the Brigade Combat Team (BCT) level, Army Intelligence is transforming to provide fused, all-source “actionable” intelligence, along tactically useful timelines, to Soldiers and Commanders at all levels.  Four components are key to this transformation: 

Increasing MI Capacity and Balance

The complex nature of warfare today makes it essential that our Brigade Combat Teams collect on all aspects of their environment.  Each BCT and subordinate Battalion (BN) must detect, positively identify, track and target enemy activities with minimal assistance from higher level intelligence centers.  Each BCT/BN intelligence section (S2) must be able to rapidly fuse and visualize all sources of information, regardless of classification, to understand norms, changes, linkages and significance in near-real time. 

Aggressive efforts are now underway to increase the number of MI collectors, intelligence “synchronizers” and analysts at Brigade and Battalion levels.  BCT S2 sections have more then doubled in size; each modular BCT now has an assigned MI Company with organic human intelligence (HUMINT), unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), signals intelligence (SIGINT), and analysis capabilities. 

Even with the above enhancements, wartime experience suggests that BCTs also require additional downward reinforcing intelligence support.  To accomplish this, the Army is forming 8 to 10 MI Collection Battalions with increased HUMINT capability and advanced SIGINT collection teams.  MI Collection BNs will form the core of new, multi-functional Battlefield Surveillance Brigades (BfSB). 

The US Army is building four Joint Interrogation and Debriefing Center (JIDC) Battalions to provide robust interrogation capacity at Theater/Joint Task Force level in coordination with Military Police detention forces.   The expansion is significant -- by 2013, the Army will add over 7,000 MI Soldiers.  Army HUMINT capacity will more than double.  The net result will be a balanced, modular MI force, capable of operating effectively in complex environments against both irregular and conventional enemies.

“Flat Network” Access

Increasing the number of MI Soldiers is necessary but insufficient unless we concurrently connect them to the full power of modern data networks.  To be effective on today’s complex battlefields, MI Soldiers must rapidly search large data holdings at all classification levels, visualize the results on operationally relevant geospatial products, and employ advanced software tools to recognize change, confirm/deny leads and “see” otherwise hidden linkages and relationships.  This translates on the ground into “Actionable intelligence”, enabling a high level of shared situational understanding, delivered with the speed, accuracy and timeliness necessary for Commanders and Soldiers to operate at their highest potential and conduct successful operations.

Army MI is aggressively working to field these “flat network” capabilities down to Battalion level via the Distributed Common Ground System – Army (DCGS-A).  DCGS-A is integrated with Army G3 Battle Command initiatives to provide a common operating picture for use by Commanders at every level.  The program builds on pioneering data fusion work accomplished by Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM), and Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence {USD(I)}-sponsored experiments in Korea to employ distributed, “flat network” analysis capabilities  supporting operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.  Dubbed “Joint Intelligence Operations Capability-Iraq (JIOC-I) in 2003, the Army transitioned JIOC-I into the DCGS-A program of record in June 2006.  Wartime supplemental funding has enabled fielding of DCGS-A capabilities to units in Iraq and Afghanistan two years earlier than would otherwise have been possible – the results have been powerful.  DCGS-A remains a top Army intelligence transformation priority which threads directly into enhanced situational awareness and targeting capabilities imbedded in the Army’s Future Combat System (FCS).

HUMINT Revitalization

Close-access Human Intelligence collection (Military Source Operations, Interrogation, and Counterintelligence) provides critical capabilities needed for successful operations at all levels.  It is a non-negotiable ingredient for effective Counter-Terrorist (CT) and Counterinsurgency (COIN) operations.  Action is well underway to establish HUMINT Platoons in every MI Company at BCT level; two robust HUMINT Companies are being incorporated into every BfSB MI Battalion – an unprecedented level of tactical HUMINT capability.  Experienced “S2X” HUMINT management sections have been added at both BCT and Division.  HUMINT training is being significantly expanded with a Joint HUMINT Training Center of Excellence at the Army Intelligence Center, Fort Huachuca, Arizona.

Intelligence Readiness

Concurrent efforts are also underway to increase intelligence effectiveness across Army forces.  No mechanical collection device will ever match the observation and reasoning power of a Soldier – they are the ultimate sensor with unique ability to recognize and report useful information gained from close access into otherwise denied areas.  Four ongoing programs are key to this effort.

Focus on the Soldier

The intelligence programs and initiatives outlined above constitute the heart of the Army Intelligence Campaign Plan and Army MI transformation.  Making “Actionable Intelligence” available along tactically useful timelines is the objective and principal measure of merit. 

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