Addendum L (Chemical Demilitarization Program)
Title 50, United States Code, Section 1521 directs the Department of Defense to destroy the United States chemical weapons stockpile. This statute also provides for the establishment of a management organization within the Department of the Army to carry out this mission. In addition, the United States is a state party to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), an international treaty prohibiting development, production, stockpiling, and use of chemical weapons and requiring the destruction of existing stockpiles and demolition of former chemical warfare production facilities and other non-stockpile chemical warfare materiel.
The U.S. Army Chemical Materials Agency, a subordinate activity of the U.S. Army Materiel Command, manages the execution of this nationally important and internationally significant program to safely store and destroy all U.S. chemical warfare materiel, with Army Secretariat oversight from the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Acquisition, Logistics and Technology). In accordance with Public Laws 105-261 and 107-248, the Office of the Secretary of Defense manages chemical demilitarization activities at the stockpile disposal sites in Colorado and Kentucky.
All of the disposal facilities under Army purview currently are operating or have completed operations. As of January 2007, more than 42 percent of the total U.S. stockpile has been safely destroyed. This is equivalent to 13,231 US tons of chemical agent and nearly 1.8 million munitions.
In November 2000, the Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System completed the destruction of the last munitions stored at the atoll, and closure operations were completed in November 2003. In February 2006, workers at the Aberdeen Chemical Agent Disposal Facility completed destruction operations by cleaning and decontaminating the last formerly mustard-filled ton container stored at the Edgewood Chemical Activity. Aberdeen is the first site within the continental United States to complete stockpile destruction operations and begin facility closure activities.
The Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility in Utah has destroyed more than 57 percent of the chemical agents and 89 percent of the munitions stored at Deseret Chemical Depot, including all GB- and VX-filled munitions, representing a 99 percent reduction in risk to the local community. Tooele is now processing mustard-filled ton containers. The Anniston Chemical Agent Disposal Facility in Alabama completed its GB campaign in March 2006, decreasing public risk by 59 percent. The Anniston facility has destroyed more than 547 US tons of chemical agent and more than 164,610 munitions.
Workers at the Umatilla Chemical Agent Disposal Facility in Oregon have destroyed 108,133 munitions, containing 860 US tons of chemical agent. The Pine Bluff Chemical Agent Disposal Facility in Arkansas has destroyed 74,995 M55 rockets and 401 US tons of GB nerve agent. The Newport Chemical Agent Disposal Facility in Indiana has neutralized the contents of 626 VX-filled ton containers, or 37 percent of its stockpile of bulk VX nerve agent.
The Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel Project continues to work toward meeting its CWC obligation for destruction of former chemical warfare production facilities by April 2007. The main VX production facility at Newport Chemical Depot was destroyed. The binary destruction facility at Pine Bluff Arsenal completed destruction of both DF and QL binary precursors and is now undergoing closure. The Rapid Response System (RRS) at Pine Bluff completed operations in November 2006, destroying 5,364 chemical agent identification set (CAIS) items one year ahead of schedule. The Pine Bluff Explosive Destruction System (PBEDS) began operations in June 2006 to destroy 4.2-inch mortars and German Traktor rockets.
The Program’s overall Recordable Injury Rate (RIR) compares to that of luggage and leather goods stores and offices of real estate agents and brokers, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The facilities in Pine Bluff, AR and Anniston, AL have achieved nearly 8 million and over 9 million hours, respectively, without a lost-workday incident.