What is it? The Army's reset program is a series of actions to restore units to a desired level of combat capability commensurate with mission requirements and availability of resources. These actions fall into four areas:
- Bring all equipment to Army readiness standards and mitigate effects of intense usage in a desert environment;
- Where sensible and affordable, upgrade capability based on Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) lessons learned;
- Replace battle losses and washed out equipment; and
- Reorganize resetting units to a modular design in support of the Army Campaign Plan.
The goal is to return active component unit equipment readiness to Army standards within 180 days after redeployment and reserve component unit equipment within 360 days. Active component units undergoing modular transformation have 300 days to complete reset and reorganization. The maintenance work is done at organic depots, installations, and contractor facilities.
What has the Army done? The Army has reset more than 20 major units, including:
- 3rd Infantry Division;
- 4th Infantry Division;
- 101st Air Assault Division;
- 10th Mountain Division;
- 82nd Airborne Division;
- 1st Heavy Brigade Combat Team, 1st Infantry Division;
- 3rd Stryker Brigade Combat Team, 2nd Infantry Division;
- 3rd Brigade, 1st Armored Division;
- 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment;
- 1st Cavalry Division.
The Army has repaired a wide range of equipment, including aircraft, tracked vehicles, wheeled vehicles, and support equipment.
What efforts does the Army plan to continue in the future? As units continue to deploy to and redeploy from OIF and OEF, the Army will continue its reset program. The requirement for 2007 is $17.1 billion which includes $8.6 billion (procurement) to replace and upgrade equipment and $8.5 billion (operations and maintenance) to repair more than one million pieces of equipment. Due to the time required to retrograde, synchronize schedules with training requirements, and repair equipment, the Army anticipates a requirement for several years of reset supplemental funding once hostilities end.
Why is this important to the Army? Through its reset program, the Army is supporting Combatant Commanders, while simultaneously "setting the force" to posture for future operations. Reset prepares follow-on units for deployment and employment; supports training base requirements; modernizes and recapitalizes equipment; and reconfigures units to the modular design. Reset also enables the Army to position itself to be a more globally relevant force, able to rapidly respond to emerging threats and contingencies.