Active Component / Reserve Component Rebalance
What is it? The active component/reserve component (AC/RC) rebalance initiative is an incremental process that has evolved over time to hasten the transformation of a post cold war Army into a force capable of efficiently and effectively addressing the war fighting requirements of the new strategic environment. The major efforts supporting this initiative are an increase in capabilities to relieve stress on High Demand / Low Density (HD/LD) units; the rebalance of capabilities across the Army to eliminate demand for RC units during the initial phase of an operational deployment; and force management decisions to improve readiness and unit deployment availability. With the increased emphasis by the Secretary of Defense to reduce the impact on RC structure, the direction given by the Chief of Staff, Army in the Focus Areas and modular force transformation initiatives, and the impact of recent operational demands on force management processes, AC/RC rebalance has become an integral part of force management in aligning resources across the Active duty, Army National Guard (ARNG) and U.S. Army Reserve. The Army is also addressing the imbalance of its key force multiplier capabilities by creating a balanced AC/RC structure in organizations that deploy and sustain the force. This includes the ability to expand certain activities through commercial contracting to ease over reliance on RC assets, provide surge ability for contingency operations, and maintain routine peacetime operations at strategic nodes and Power Generation Platforms.
What has the Army done? The Army began addressing AC/RC balance in Program Objective Memorandum (POM) 2004-2009 with adjustments of approximately 25,000 to restructure the force in a post September 11, 2001 security posture (Phase 1). Following the Secretary of Defense guidance in July 2003, the Army rebalanced almost 10,000 of structure to reduce RC mobilization and eliminate demand for RC units in the initial phase of deployment (Phase 2). Implementation of the Chief of Staff, Army Focus Area effected change in over 90,000 of structure (Phase 3) to include the elimination of AC units at Authorized Levels of Organization (ALO) at less than 100 percent, the reduction of HD/LD units in the AC, and establishment of Transient, Trainee, Holdee and Student (TTHS) accounts in the RC. During POM 2006-2011 and the subsequent Modular Support Forces Analysis, the change totaled over 100,000 spaces.
What efforts does the Army plan to continue in the future? The AC/RC rebalance initiative is on track. The Army continuously reviews force balance and makes adjustments where necessary in order to distribute deployment burdens across all three components. In the TAA cycle supporting POM 2008-2013, the force structure balance also will be adjusted to address force capabilities required by the Army Force Generation model and identified in the emerging 2005 Quadrennial Defense Review results. TAA decisions were published in the Army Structure message in late January 2006.
Why is this important to the Army? The AC/RC rebalance initiative is an integral force management tool that provides holistic analysis of Army structure across all three components. As the policy for assured, predictable access to RC units is implemented, this initiative will ensure that force capabilities are balanced in accordance with Secretary of Defense guidance while meeting Combatant Commander requirements.