Stabilizing Soldiers and Units to Enhance Cohesion and Predictability
What is it? Force Stabilization improves unit cohesion by maintaining continuity among Soldiers while also providing predictability of deployment schedules for their families. Approved December 2003, force stabilization actually began with implementation of Lifecycle Management (LM) in Alaska in October 2003. To improve unit cohesion and readiness, while reducing both turbulence in units and uncertainty for families, we have adopted a lifecycle management policy, essentially changing how we meet our requirement for filling units. Under the lifecycle management concept, the Army stabilizes active component Soldiers inside a Brigade Combat Team (BCT) for approximately 36 months. We also synchronize Soldier assignments with the unit operational cycles under the Army Force Generation Model (ARFORGEN), a system that allows a Soldier to remain in the same BCT throughout the Reset, Ready and Available phases of the ARFORGEN process.
What has the Army done? Currently, 11 BCTs have implemented LM. The process of converting units to LM will conclude in 2010, however, changes to this proposed schedule are very likely to support current operations. The forward-stationed BCTs in Europe and Korea are not planned for LM and the Evaluation BCT will not convert to LM until 2014.
What efforts does the Army plan to continue in the future? Conversion of Army of Excellence Brigades to modular BCTs causes significant personnel turbulence across the division formation. Typically, a fourth brigade is activated from the resources in the division with added resources from the Army. The new BCTs are typically the first of the division to implement LM. The other BCTs of the division are scheduled to implement LM in future months to optimally spread Army capabilities over time while minimizing the installation impacts. The actual implementation dates are published in execution orders. LM focuses the personnel turbulence to a single period in the unit´s cycle, reducing or eliminating the need for Stop Loss but does not dramatically reduce the number of moves or reduce the transient portion of the individuals account. The Army will continue to implement lifecycle management in an effort to reduce dependence on Stop Move/Stop Loss policies and to support the ARFORGEN model.
Why is this important to the Army? This initiative fully supports our efforts to improve stability, predictability, and quality of life for Soldiers and families Stabilized Soldiers and families are necessary for the success of the all–volunteer force.
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