The Army has always experienced a tension between current and future demands, perhaps more now than ever before. Consistent investment in current and future readiness is needed to:
- Ensure that the size and mix of our components and capabilities are in balance;
- Funded our reset program to repair over 7,000 tracked and wheeled vehicles and over 550 helicopters;
- Completed the modular conversion of 11 Brigade Combat Teams, including one Stryker brigade that will deploy this year; and
- Implemented the ARFORGEN model to allow the Army to sustain a commitment of up to 18- 19 Brigade Combat Teams with the ability to surge an additional 15-19 Brigade Combat Teams on short notice.
- All tactical vehicles in Iraq and Afghanistan that operate away from forward operating bases have up-armored or add-on armor protection. Nearly 2,400 tactical wheeled vehicles do not have missions off of forward operating bases and are not armored; and
- Restructured the Future Combat Systems program to “spin out” advanced technologies to Soldiers as they become available, rather than waiting for total system fielding.
- Continued modular force conversions, enlarging the pool of available units to reduce the stress on the force;
- Continued military-to-civilian conversion to free up Soldier positions from the Institutional Army to the Operational Army;
- As a component of the ARFORGEN, initiated lifecycle management of 11 Brigade Combat Teams to keep Soldiers in units longer, improve unit readiness and cohesion, and provide greater predictability for Soldiers and their families; and
- Created a stationing plan to better posture the force for deployments and other global commitments.
- Implemented business transformation initiatives to improve how the Army does business and consequently reduce cost;
- Awarded the General Fund Enterprise Business System contract to allow better financial management;
- Created a stationing plan to improve strategic responsiveness and invest in our most critical installations; and
- Invested in LandWarNet to improve each installation’s ability to manage information and better support operational forces.
- Enhance our global posture, agility, and readiness to conduct expeditionary operations on short-notice; and
- Organize, man, train, and equip our Soldiers to win today and tomorrow.
ARMY ACTIONS TO MITIGATE RISK IN 2005
Future Challenges Risk
Force Management Risk
MEETING TODAY'S DEMANDS WHILE PREPARING FOR TOMORROW
The Army has adapted to fight the war on terrorism following a decade of insufficient modernization investments. At the start of combat operations, many of our units were under-equipped and not immediately ready for deployment, especially in our reserve components.
To meet Combatant Commander requirements, we had to aggregate equipment from across the force to fully equip those Soldiers deploying into harm’s way. As a result, we significantly reduced the readiness of many units to prepare others for combat.
This readiness decision was especially evident in the Army National Guard during our national response to hurricanes Katrina and Rita. With help from the President, the Congress, and the Department of Defense via supplemental appropriations, we have been provided the means to address many of our equipment shortfalls and readiness requirements, yet we still have much to accomplish.
To manage risk within acceptable levels during wartime, the Army requires:
- Full funding of the Army request in the 2007 President’s Budget and special consideration, in light of wartime demands, for avoiding any reductions to the Army’s budget and program. In addition, supplemental funding is required for combat and contingency operations and to continue to reset, repair, recapitalize, and replace battle losses of equipment for several years beyond major deployments. Supplemental funding is needed to overcome the stress on equipment resulting from sustained combat operations in harsh environments. These resources will ensure that the Army is
- fully manned, trained, and equipped to achieve victory in the war on terrorism. These resources will also enable the Army to maintain the momentum of key programs, while accelerating transformation.
- Funding to increase Army capabilities and overall capacity as well as support for the legislative authorities and programs needed to assure access to our reserve components – who, by necessity, have become an operational vice a strategic reserve. We must achieve a proper balance of capabilities and skills among our active and reserve forces and continue to build high-quality units to increase capability and ease the strain on our deployed Soldiers.
- Support and funding to achieve critical recruiting and retention goals needed to grow our operational forces. Meeting these goals for our active and reserve Soldiers sustains the quality and effectiveness of our All-Volunteer force.
- Funding for the FCS program – to enhance current force capabilities today with “spin outs” of available technology – and accelerate more than 300 other modernization programs. Our most critical investment program, FCS will be the Army’s first major modernization in over 30 years and will better prepare and protect Soldiers for current and future threats. These capabilities will directly benefit our active and reserve components, all U.S. ground forces, and our allies that support ground campaigns.
- Full funding to maintain momentum in building a rotational pool of 70 BCTs and more than 200 modular Support Brigades and headquarters. Already well under way, our transformation to become a fully modular force is preparing our Soldiers to conduct sustained operations of the type we see today. In addition, our transformation is increasing the depth and breadth of our capabilities to prepare our Soldiers for tomorrow’s challenges, particularly as we evolve to maintain overseas presence with rotational units.
- Full funding for Army installations and support to execute a carefully synchronized plan to achieve a new global basing posture, while fulfilling the requirements of the National Military Strategy. This plan will make full use of the resources currently apportioned and projected to be recouped through consolidation and closings. Unanticipated costs associated with environmental remediation, renovation, construction, and other areas, may require additional resources in future years (a situation that will require continuous reevaluation). Full funding and continued support for Army installations and quality-of-life programs is required to sustain the All-Volunteer force, now being tested for the first time in a prolonged war.
- Support for funding and authorities for Army Business Transformation initiatives to achieve targeted efficiencies through management reform, Institutional Army adaptation and reengineered business practices. These initiatives will free human and financial resources for more compelling operational needs and accelerate other aspects of our transformation.
The Army is committed to producing units that are ready for the challenges they will face tomorrow and to overcoming years of underfunding prior to the events of 9-11. We have received unprecedented
support to “buy back” much needed capability. We cannot, however, fool ourselves by maintaining large numbers of forces on paper that, in reality, lack the people, equipment, training, and support needed to accomplish the missions they will be assigned. We are determined to support our Soldiers and their families with an improved quality of life that matches the quality of the service they perform for America.
Building the capabilities required to hedge against the uncertainty of tomorrow will require prudent investments today. These investments must be sustained at predictable, consistent levels over time – a departure from historic patterns of spending which have increased our Nation’s vulnerability at the outset of each of the major conflicts of the 20th century. As George Washington stated, “To be prepared for war is one of the most effective means of preserving peace.” Consistency in funding, even as the war on terrorism ebbs and flows, will be absolutely essential to the Army’s ability to preserve peace and freedom for the Nation.