2005 Army Posture Statement Executive Summary
21st Century Security Environment: An Era of Uncertainty and Unpredictability
Operating within an uncertain, unpredictable environment, the Army must be prepared to sustain operations during a period of persistent conflict — a blurring of familiar distinctions between war and peace.
To improve our ability to provide forces and capabilities to the Combatant Commanders for the foreseeable future, the Army is undergoing its most profound restructuring in more than 50 years.
With the support of the Congress, the President, and the Department of Defense, we are making tremendous progress.
Transforming to Accomplish the Mission: Modularity, Rebalancing, and Stabilization
Army Transformation is focused to improve the capability of the Soldier, who remains the centerpiece of our formations. It has four primary goals.
- First, we are restructuring from a division-based to a brigade-based force. These brigades are designed as modules, or self-sufficient and standardized Brigade Combat Teams, that can be more readily deployed and combined with other Army and joint forces to meet the precise needs of the Combatant Commanders. The result of this transformational initiative will be an operational Army that is larger and more powerful, flexible and rapidly deployable.
This program, which we call modularity, will increase the combat power of the Active Component by 30 percent as well as the size of the Army's overall pool of available forces by 60 percent. The total number of available brigades will increase from 48 to 77 with 10 active brigades (three-and-a-third divisions in our old terms) being added by the end of 2006. Our goal for this larger pool of available forces is to enable the Army to generate forces in a rotational manner that will support two years at home following each deployed year for active forces, four years at home following each deployed year for the Army Reserve and five years at home following each deployed year for National Guard forces. Implementing this program will provide more time to train, predictable deployment schedules, and the continuous supply of landpower required by the Combatant Commanders and civil authorities.
The force, above the brigade level, will be supported by similarly modular supporting brigades that provide aviation, fires, logistics, and other support. Our headquarters structure will also become far more versatile and efficient as we eliminate an entire echelon of command - moving from three to two levels. Similar innovations will occur in the logistics and intelligence organizations that support our forces and other Services.
Our restructuring is already well underway. The 3rd Infantry Division, the vanguard of the invasion of Iraq, will return to Iraq as a restructured, modular force.
- Second, we are rebalancing our active and reserve forces to produce more units with the skills in highest demand. This will realign the specialties of more than 100,000 Soldiers, producing a 50 percent increase in infantry capabilities, with similar increases in military police, civil affairs, intelligence, and other critical skills. We have already converted more than 34,000 spaces.
- Third, Soldiers are being stabilized within units for longer periods to increase combat readiness and cohesion, reduce turnover and eliminate many repetitive training requirements. With fewer Soldiers and families moving, more Soldiers will be available on any given day to train or to fight. This initiative, started in 2004, also transitions our Army from an individual replacement manning system to a unit focused system - to prepare Soldiers to go to war as vital members of cohesive units.
- Fourth, we are working to complement our operational transformation by ensuring that our business, force generation and training functions improve how we support a wartime Army and the other Services. We are divesting functions no longer relevant and reengineering business processes to increase responsiveness to the Combatant Commanders. Other improvements include developing a joint, interdependent end-to-end logistics structure, and fostering a culture of innovation to increase institutional agility. We seek to improve effectiveness and identify efficiencies that will free human and financial resources to better support operational requirements.
Balancing Risk: The Tension Between Current and Future Demands
The Army is grateful for the support of the Congress, the President, the Department of Defense, and the American people as we fight the Global War on Terror. Continued support — financial and moral - is vital. This year, like previous years since September 11, the Army's base budget supports force generation and sustainment operations and the supplemental budget request supports wartime efforts. The combination of these spending measures is needed to enable the Army to:
- Recruit and retain the All-Volunteer Force and their families by enabling the establishment of equitable rotation plans and improving quality-of-life programs;
- Generate and sustain a force that is properly manned, trained and led, in order to prevail in the Global War on Terror, while sustaining other global commitments;
- Enhance Soldiers' ability to fight by rapidly spiraling promising technologies that are ready now into the Current Force; and
- Reset the force by repairing and recapitalizing equipment that is aging rapidly - far faster than projected - due to sustained combat operations in severe environmental conditions.
The scale and the pace of Army transformation is essential to improve the ability of American Soldiers to defeat adversaries who will pose complex, irregular challenges that are becoming increasingly more sophisticated and dangerous than those we now face.
Focusing Resources on Wartime Requirements: Major Decisions in 2004
The Army benefited from three major decisions in 2004, all providing resources to address immediate wartime needs. The Army also restructured or adjusted 126 programs. First, the Army cancelled the Comanche Program and reinvested the savings into other urgent aviation requirements. This decision enabled us to begin purchasing new airframes, fix many equipment shortfalls, enhance survivability, and begin modernizing our fleet. Second, we modified the schedule for fielding Future Combat Systems to put better capabilities into the hands of our fighting Soldiers. Third, Congress provided the authority to increase Active Component end strength by 30,000 Soldiers to support the war and the Army's conversion to modular formations.
Our Army at War - Relevant and Ready ... Today and Tomorrow
Our Nation remains at war. Soldiers understand their mission. They are well equipped and trained for the fight. They are well led by excellent leaders. Our transformation is already enhancing our capabilities today, while ensuring our preparedness for tomorrow. These efforts, however, will require full support of the base budget and supplemental.